The rate of adverse drug reactions in hospitalized patients

a meta-analysis of 85 studies.
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  • English

National Library of Canada , Ottawa
SeriesCanadian theses = -- Thèses canadiennes
The Physical Object
Pagination2 microfiches : negative. --
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL16986267M
ISBN 100612192393

Searching. The following electronic databases were searched: MEDLINE (), Excerpta Medica (), International Pharmaceutical Abstracts (), Science Citation Index ().

'adverse drug' or 'adverse reaction' or 'drug-related' or 'drug-induced' and 'hospital' were used as keywords along with the following MeSH terms where appropriate 'hospitalisation', 'drugs' and Cited by: Introduction.

An adverse drug reaction (ADR) is defined as a noxious, unintended injury that arise from drug related causes. The growing evidence on the increased frequency and severity of ADRs, associated with a negative impact on patient’s health status, also reveals that ADRs entail a significant burden on healthcare facilities, increasing the length of hospital stay, and requiring Cited by:   In this study the incidence rate of adverse drug reaction in retrospective study was % and in prospective study it was %.

There was a significant difference between these two studies (Chi-square = and P Cited by:   There were a total of 94 adverse drug reactions in 75 patients. Most reactions were predictable and of moderate severity.

The incidence of adverse drug reactions was %, and the incidence varied, according to the medical specialty; it was higher in Internal Medicine (30%).

Antibiotics were the most commonly involved by: 4. Introduction. Adverse drug reactions (ADRs) in hospitalised patients can be divided into two broad categories: those that cause admission to hospital, and those that occur in in-patients after hospital admission.

In a meta-analysis, using a random-effects model to reduce heterogeneity, Lazarou et al showed that the total incidence of both categories of serious ADRs was %, of which % Cited by: Introduction: Drug treatment may The rate of adverse drug reactions in hospitalized patients book related to the development of adverse drug reactions (ADRs).

Description The rate of adverse drug reactions in hospitalized patients FB2

Aim: In this paper, we evaluated the ADRs in patients admitted to Catanzaro Hospital. Methods: After we obtained the approval by local Ethical Committee, we performed a retrospective study on clinical records from Ma to Ap 6. Koch KE. Adverse drug reactions. In: Brown TR, ed.

Handbook of institutional pharmacy practice. 3rd ed. Bethesda, MD: American Society of Hospital Pharmacists; 7. Koch KE. Use of standard screening procedures to identify adverse drug reactions.

Am J Hosp Pharm. ; – program. drug reaction monitoring and reporting. States, the rate of stays involving ADEs that originated during the stay increased percent.

Specific causes of adverse drugs events among inpatient stays, and Table 2 shows the percentage and rate of inpatient stays involving ADEs (of any origin) by the cause of ADE in andsorted by the most common ADEs in An adverse drug reaction (ADR) is an unwanted, unde - sirable effect of a medication that occurs during usual clinical use.

Adverse drug reactions occur almost daily in health care institutions and can adversely affect a patient’s quality of life, often causing considerable morbidity and mortality. Much attention has been given to identifying. Reducing adverse drug reactions (ADRs) is a critical element in providing safe medication use to hospitalized patients.

Details The rate of adverse drug reactions in hospitalized patients PDF

There is an abundance of literature describing ADRs and preventable ADRs. Lateef M. Khan et al () performed a study on adverse drug reactions in hospitalized pediatric patients of Saudi Arabian University hospital and impact of pharmacovigilance in reporting ADR.

They reported that ADR was more in patients who received 5–6 drugs. Regarding age, it was the highest in patients of 0–1 year of age (%). Lazarou J., Pomeranz B. & Corey P. Incidence of adverse drug reactions in hospitalized patients: a meta-analysis of prospective studies.

JAMA– (). [ PubMed ]. Adverse drug events cause approximately million emergency department visits each year. Aboutpatients each year need to be hospitalized for further treatment after emergency visits for adverse drug events.

People typically take more medicines as they age, and the risk of adverse events may increase as more people take more medicines. Title:Adverse Drug Reaction Reporting Related to the Administration of Antibiotics in Hospitalized Pediatric Patients in Greece VOLUME: 9 ISSUE: 1 Author(s):Aikaterini Toska, Geitona Mary, Souliotis Kyriakos, Saridi Maria and Demetzos Costas Affiliation:University of Peloponnese, Damaskinou&Kolokotroni, Corinth Greece.

Keywords:Adverse drug reactions (ADRs). These studies estimate that % of hospitalized patients have a serious adverse drug reaction with a fatality rate of %. 2 If these estimates are correct, then there are more than 2,   Adverse drug reactions are a problem hospitalists encounter often.

An estimated 9% of hospital admissions in older adults are the result of adverse drug reactions, and up to one in five adults experience an adverse drug reaction during hospitalization. moodboard/Thinkstock. “Many interventions have been tried to solve this problem, and certain of them have worked, but to date we.

ADRs in hospitalized psychiatric patients are not only common, but they also have a high rate of preventability. Thomas et al 2 found that % of reported ADRs over a 3-year period in a state psychiatric hospital were preventable.

Their study also found that psychiatric medications were responsible for % of ADRs. At least 1-in older adults experience an adverse drug reaction (ADR) that directly contributes to, or occurs during their hospitalisation [].Beijer and de Blaey [] indicate that for those aged 65 years and over, one in six patients (%) were hospitalised due to ADR-related -morbidity, associated polypharmacy, female sex and increased age are associated with an increased.

Objective To ascertain the current burden of adverse drug reactions (ADRs) through a prospective analysis of all admissions to hospital. Design Prospective observational study.

Setting Two large general hospitals in Merseyside, England. Participants 18 patients aged > 16 years admitted over six months and assessed for cause of admission. Introduction. Preventing avoidable harm to patients is a key focus of healthcare provision [1, 2], one such example being adverse drug reactions (ADRs) which are defined as any noxious, unintended and undesired effect of a drug, excluding therapeutic failures, intentional and accidental poisoning and drug abuse [].ADRs are common with prevalence rates of % in the community [] rising to 31%.

Download The rate of adverse drug reactions in hospitalized patients FB2

An adverse drug reaction (ADR) is associated with a significantly prolonged length of hospital stay (duration of hospitalization), increased economic cost burden of treatment, and almost twofold increased risk of mortality. 1 ADR in hospital patients can be divided into two broad categories: those that result in admission to hospital (ADR-out), and those that occur during inpatient care.

Adverse drug reactions (ADRs) were examined in 8, hospitalized Medicare patients in A database was constructed from the MedPAR database.

The study population was composed ofMedicare patients who experienced an ADR (rate of %). The Costs of Adverse Drug Events in Hospitalized Patients. —To assess the additional resource utilization associated with an adverse drug event (ADE). rate. was. per. Objective: To replicate and to critique a recently published meta-analysis [1] of the incidence of nonpreventable serious and fatal adverse drug reactions (ADRs) in hospitalized patients, to.

Background. Adverse drug reactions (ADRs) are an important cause of iatrogenic morbidity and mortality in patients of all ages [].ADRs in children may differ from those in adults due to age-dependent physiological characteristics which affect the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of drugs [1,3,6,7].A recent systematic review of studies of ADRs in children by Smyth et al.

INTRODUCTION Adverse drug reactions (ADRs) are a leading cause of morbidity and mortality.1,2 ADRs have been estimated to account for up todeaths annually in the United States.1,2 Additionally, ADRs are the cause of hospital admission in 3% to 6% of patients of all ages3,4 and 3% to 24% of elderly patients.5 The incidence of fatal ADRs.

The Abstract: Objective: To estimate the incidence of serious and fatal adverse drug reactions (ADR) in hospital patients. Data Sources: Four electronic databases were searched from to Study Selection: Ofwe selected 39 prospective studies from US hospitals.

Data Extraction: Data extracted independently by 2 investigators were analyzed by a random-effects model. Antibiotics are one of the top medication classes resulting in emergency department visits for adverse drug events (ADEs). Based on data fromeach year in the United States there are an estimatedemergency department visits for adverse events related to antibiotics [1.

The incidence of adverse drug reactions among hospitalized patients during the 5-year period of this study was %, which was relatively low compared with other studies [21–23].

First, this retrospective study was based on a spontaneous reporting and monitoring system, where underreporting by healthcare workers is a possibility. [21,22] It is unclear why the remaining 2 studies [37,38] were excluded from the meta-analysis, because both studies report the number of patients with drug reactions.

Lazarou J, Pomeranz BH, Corey PN. Incidence of adverse drug reactions in hospitalized patients: a meta-analysis of prospective studies. JAMA. ;(15)– Wester K, Jonsson AK, Spigset O, Druid H, Hagg S. Incidence of fatal adverse drug reactions: a population based study.

Br J Clin Pharmacol. ;65(4)– In the present study, the percentage of ADRs in patients during their hospital stay was 25%, in line with previous studies of older patients–13 Recently a large prospective study among UK hospital in-patients with an average age of 63 years suggested that at least 1 in 7 inpatient episodes are complicated by an adverse drug reaction The widely differing estimates of ADR percentage in various studies.

Recently, our investigation of key safety indicators in patients transfused with COVID convalescent plasma showed an incidence of transfusion-related serious adverse events (SAEs) of less than 1% and a mortality rate of %.

10 These early indicators suggest that transfusion of convalescent plasma is safe in hospitalized adults with.